In an effort to make Windows more touch-friendly, Microsoft introduced the Modern Design Language (Previously known as Metro UI). Starting from Windows 8.0, the new modern interface was added to the operating system, replacing (and in some cases, overlapping) the classic interface elements. The changes however reduced the usability of interface for larger screen and mouse users.
At the Human-Computer Interaction group of Microsoft Research, the design team joined forces to propose a wide range of improvements to make the modern interface richer and more closely coupled with the classic interface. The proposal was presented as a fully-functional demo in Techfest '14, Microsoft's yearly event that covers internal cutting-edge research projects.
Some screenshots and videos:
This project is a property of Microsoft Research, done at the Human-Computer Interaction group by Farshid Tavakolizadeh, Zijing Zhang, Jiawei Gu, and Jiabin He.